The Industrial Revolution took place in two very distinct stages. The first stage began around 1770 and, by 1900, approximately 44 Gigatonnes of energy-related carbon dioxide had been released into the atmosphere. The second stage began in 1900 and by 2016 approximately 1,300 Gigatonnes of carbon dioxide had been released.
This thirtyfold increase in energy-related carbon dioxide during the second stage of the Industrial Revolution was obviously caused by the fossil-fueled internal combustion engines and the power stations which came into existence around 1900.
However these fossil-fueled sources of energy have been instrumental in bringing about: